As with most fort in Sri Lanka which were occupied by the tree colonial forces; the Portuguese, Dutch, and English Respectively, the Galle Fort is a World Heritage site that attracts the attention of local and foreign tourists. The Galle Fort an archaeological preservation monument in1971. Galle Fort was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. Galle is a beautiful city of historical as well as natural beauty.
Galle Fort Construction History
In 1505, a group of Portuguese sailors, including Lorenzo Almeida, landed at the port of Galle, and shortly afterward they built Galle fort as a fortress to protect from the enemy and they have considered the seaward side was not fortified. They called it FORTALEZA.
In 1640, the Dutch captured the port of Galle that belonged to the Portuguese. Later the Galle fort was rebuilt with watchtowers and unique architectural features. Galle was used as an administrative center by the British who conquered Sri Lanka in 1896. After the independence of Sri Lanka in 1948, Galle was isolated as a city of historical value. Galle fort owns 90 acres of land. The circumference of the fort wall is approximately around 3 Km and the highest point of the fort is between 50-70 feet. Galle Fort has many unique architectural designs. The fort has 14 watchtowers, a system of tunnels, many private and government buildings, religious buildings including the Dutch church, Gantara tower, Galle Maritime Museum, Black Fort, old Dutch hospital, Galle Fort Clock tower, Galle Fort Lighthouse, Stained glass tower, Anglican Church, Temples, and Mosques. The Department of Archeology has a special responsibility when it comes to the historical heritage of the world.
There are many forts in Sri Lanka near the coast, such as Trincomalee, Batticaloa, Matara, Jaffna, etc. But all these forts have no world heritage status. Therefore Galle fort is special. The Department of Archeology alone cannot protect the Galle fort. Many other Government agencies are responsible for this. Among them are the Sri Lanka fort Authority, The Coast Conversation Department, The National Museums Department, The Galle District Secretary, The Municipal Council, The Urban Development Authority, The Army as well aa those who visit the Fort Government and Private institutions and those who come to obtain their services are important.
The Galle Heritage Foundation Act No: 7 of 1994 also established the Galle fort Heritage Foundation to protect the Galle Heritage. This institution which was previously under the Department of Culture has been handed over to the Ministry of Southern Development under the present Government.
Make sure to visit this place, If you are visiting southern Sri Lanka. You can enjoy by Walking through Old Dutch Fort, Visiting Maritime museum Galle, Galle village tour, Walking Along the Galle Ramparts, visiting Galle National Museum, Visiting Amangalla Hotel, Visiting Dutch Reform Church, Dutch Warehouse – Old Spice Warehouse and Enjoying Sea Food restaurants in Fort.